Gross Merchandise Sales and Number of Employees

Domestic E-Commerce GMS*1,2,3

*1 Domestic E-commerce GMS (excludes certain tax-exempt businesses, includes consumption tax.) is the combined transaction amount for Rakuten Ichiba, Rakuten Travel (GTV on checkout basis), Rakuten Books, Books Network ,Kobo (domestic), golf business, Rakuten Fashion, Rakuten Dream businesses, Rakuten Beauty, Rakuten 24, Car, Rakuma, Rakuten Rebates, Rakuten Seiyu Netsuper, Rakuten Tickets and cross boarder trading ,etc.

*2 From Q1/23, Rakuten Tickets was transferred from Others segment to Domestic EC segment. Past figures have been retroactively adjusted.

*3 From Q2/23, the portion of Domestic E-commerce GMS definitions, etc. have been revised. Past figures have been retroactively adjusted.

Number of Employees (consolidated)