Gross Merchandise Sales and Number of Employees

Domestic E-Commerce GMS*1,2

*1 Domestic e-commerce GMS is the combined transaction amount for Rakuten Ichiba, Rakuten Travel (GTV on checkout basis), Rakuten Books, Rakuten Books network, Rakuten Kobo (domestic), golf business, Rakuten Fashion, Rakuten Dream businesses, Rakuten Beauty, Rakuten Delivery, Rakuten 24 and other first-party daily necessities shops, auto business, Rakuma, Rakuten Rebates, Rakuten Seiyu Netsuper, cross border trading, etc. (*Excludes some tax-exempt businesses, includes consumption tax.)

*2 Rakuten Books network, cross border trading and Rakuten Kobo (domestic) were added from Q4/21. This has resulted in retroactive adjustments to Domestic E-Commerce GMS.

Number of Employees (consolidated)