Gross Merchandise Sales and Number of Employees

Domestic E-Commerce GMS*1,2,3

*1 Domestic E-commerce GMS (excludes certain tax-exempt businesses, includes consumption tax.) is the combined transaction amount for Rakuten Ichiba, Rakuten Travel (GTV on checkout basis), Rakuten Books, Books Network ,Kobo (domestic), golf business, Rakuten Fashion, Rakuten Dream businesses, Rakuten Beauty, Rakuten 24, Car, Rakuma, Rakuten Rebates, Rakuten Seiyu Netsuper, Rakuten Ticket and cross boarder trading ,etc.

*2 From Q2/23, a portion of Domestic E-commerce GMS definitions, etc. have been revised. Past figures have been retroactively adjusted.

*3 Effective September 1, 2023, Rakuten Pay (online payment) business was transferred from the Internet Service segment to the FinTech segment.
No retrospective revisions have been made to past results as the size of the amount is negligible.

Number of Employees (consolidated)