A martial art developed from the old martial arts school of jujutsu, with throwing, grappling, and striking as its core techniques. In the Meiji era it spread among police and schools, and after World War II it became a wide international success, with the establishment of the IJF (International Judo Federation) and its adoption as an Olympic sport. Today it is classified as both a sport and martial art, but with "use strenth for a good purpose" and "mutual prosperity" as its fundamental principles, its purpose is not merely the doctrine that victory in competition is everything, but the training and education of both body and mind.
Karate spread from Okinawa to the rest of Japan in Taisho era, and to the world after World War II. It is now practiced worldwide as a useful martial art and sport. Karate can be generally classified into the traditional schools which adopts sundome (stopping just before a strike) rules, full contact school which adopts direct striking rules, and direct striking with protective gear school which adopts a point system.
Directly descended from bamboo fencing stick practices with protective gear developed in the late Edo period. Towards the end of the Edo era, extensive inter school contests came to be held. Since the Meiji period, Kendo has been a legitimate competitive sport with rules established by the Dai Nippon Butoku Kai (Greater Japan Martial Virtue Society).