Vicuna(Vicuna, scientific name Vicugna vicugna), related species of a llama (llama) on animals live in the Andes region of mammalian ungulate (Artiodactyla) camelids vicuña. 1.3 to 1.6 m in length, height 85 cm, 33-65 kg. Full body insulationCovered with hair abound. When referring to refer to animals that make "vicuna" from the hair fiber and fabric "Vicuña"And tend to be expressed.
Because it is very similar to the guanaco, vicuna beneath the neck about 30 cm long hair has a distinguishable in there. And distributed in Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina, steppes of 3,700 to 5,000 m above sea level making groups of 10 to life.
Vicuna wool products are traded as a luxury item. For fine hair, spun into yarn and used. Pruning once obtained only the hair of 250-350 g per adult per head, hair trims not allowed only once every two years. A very fine thread "Fiber of the gods」「Textile gems"At least get millions of Yen value on court 1 and is called the vicuna 100%.
Once for meat and fur quality estimated 2 million is inhabited, but overfishing and, until the late 20th century the population was down to 10000 head. Enclosure for cutting the hair was done in 1993, the Inca Empire (Chac) populations are recovered and revive local people ensured that its profits and increases protection awareness of vicuna, before more than 100000 head.(Excerpt from Wikipedia)
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