Chateau Latour AOC Pauillac
AOC Pauillac, Chateau-Latour Médoc official grading of grade 1
Proverbs of the old Médoc "wine a great tree grows near the water ' that is. Latour is like this saying the Gironde River as conceived in the soils formed over fields, mild climate, time field is on a small hill near "Rambla" with distinctive terroir based, this terroir. -Terroir
It's approximately 60 km north from Bordeaux. Château Latour in Pauillac. Largely located in the South near San Julian Pauillac vineyard in the hills of gravel quality of the estuary of the Gironde River.
In the Atlantic Ocean near characterized by a temperate oceanic climate. Near the Gironde River vineyards are guarded from harm of cold wave and spring frost. Summer climate is more sunny days usually followed, may thunderstorms until mid-July. Also, even more, hot and dry in the first half of August, large day-night temperature difference, becoming larger due to thunderstorms and accelerate the maturation of the grapes.
About: drainage system:
Quickly remove excess water in the vineyards of the Rambla, since the 19 century drainage system and a loss of quality during harvest season.
1378 more of Froissart "Chronicle ' to appeared. 100 years in the midst of a war at that time, bastion Saint-Maubert tower was fielding Breton soldiers of the King of France. Chateau owned by Muret House until the end of the 17 century, successive heir, married Alexandre de Ségur owned land and resulted in the history starts with the Ségur House.
Ségur's 1716, shortly ago death obtains Chateau Lafite and wine business son Bordeaux City Council Chairman Nicolas-Alexandre, in 1718, Chateau Mouton Rotschild and Chateau Karon Ségur won and. Beginning of 18 century, in England aristocratic and bourgeois class who was the center of luxury wine consumption. And fits into the battle of Bordeaux wine exports and at the same time rapid growth was ahead of other wines in terms of quality and price.
In 1842, one legal entity, was composed only Ségur House until 1962, but in 1963, the British financial group, Pearson group 53% shareholder, owned 25% by Harveys of Bristol Corporation (later acquired by Allied Lions group). In 1989, allied Lions Group acquired equity of the Pearson group, except the remains of Ségur's heir to 7% 93% shares owned.
And 6/1993, Mr. Francois Pinault acquired the Allied Lions group holdings through the Artemis company. Chateau Latour finished by 30 years of British capital management is again France capital, where it remains today.
76 ha in vineyards owned by La Tour, called the 'Rambla' while surrounding the Chateau 48 ha farm becomes the Grand Vin. Rambla field is 16 m high hill from the Gironde River, enclosed in the Gironde River North and South two tributaries, as well as Eastern 'parity'.
To harvest the grapes in the vineyard cultivation density 1 ha per 10000 book and very high, high-quality production is appropriate. Also, saplings every year, Withers, hurt has replanted young trees. This technology is called 'complantation （ Complantation ）, make for the readjustment of production and maintaining quality. In young trees of these parcels were transplanted with different signs, harvesting takes place in the old tree.
To banish the predators of the grapes after plucked trees if the average age of the parcel rises too much and if you replant the entire parcel, considering replanting overall increases in old rose with the soil once again given vitality to let rest for 5 years. Analyzes what a grape harm in the current (calculation of predators, disease cycle.) exactly, Rutt rezone （ dealing with agricultural chemicals cultivation ）. Without using any chemical herbicides in soil, vine, uses only organic fertilizer, including plant compost and manure.
-Harvest and vinification
Usually from mid-September 15-20 days hire harvests of approximately 150 people with extraordinary every year at harvest time, is all hand-picked. Use the cart can accommodate about 8 kg to get crushed grapes at harvest. Cart carries directly to the brewery of parcels every 2 floor of the brewery, transported by Elevator, screened in two stages get rid of excess water. 1 ） unwanted parts (leaf, petiole) and hygiene but bad seed, eliminated. 2 ） eliminate fears grapes wound, compromising the quality of floral parts (stem or axis).
Then carried in the tank, and then squeeze slowly, alcoholic fermentation begins. Tank and cooled by water while the temperature control and wine about three weeks, do the fermentation. Wine from Mar （ = milking scum. Mainly grape skins and seeds ）, except after fining the tank change shift. 2: fermentation malolactic fermentation is done in the next month, wine is softer and has a mellow and finesse. In the brewing facility was renewed in 2001, now stainless steel brewery tanks 66 pieces. This number is three times previously. By the increase in the number of tanks to ferment grapes parcels every possible, according to the types of vines and grapes, terroir, plot area, 12 hl-brewing is available in 170 hl size tank.
Barrel aged with oak of Allier and nièvre. New barrels to Chateau Latour Les, for 100%-in the Le de Latour 50% use at 10% of the Pauillac. To choose the best blend (blend) beginning of the ripening months building a Chateau Latour tasting will be repeated. Wine the aged for 6 months in the cellar of the first year. Be made gas exchange between the wine and the atmosphere does not seal the barrel, like glass stopper with. For barrel aging in wine evaporates small supplement the wine twice a week. For the next, barrel aged 10 to 13 months to moves to the cellar of the second year. And sealed barrels, continue aging in barrels was protected from the temperature difference. Are village should not at this stage, but made racking every 3 months. Put it in a barrel from one year after fining. Approximately 45 days after the last racking of the clarification work is done, crystal clear wine and Lees separated eventually.
Before bottling to confirm potential, balance, blend in a large stainless steel tanks. It became possible to blend wine all at once, new stainless steel tanks in the current available and keep quality of wine as a constant. After blending, microbial analysis again each stainless steel tank （ 12 hl ~ 170 hl ） to put. This work usually starts [Pauillac, in mid-June, followed by [Les fall de Latour, and Château-Latour.
Robert Parker Jr. " Bordeaux 3rd Edition "
Latour lies just north of the vineyards of the Léoville Las cars he built an impressive land border between Pauillac and St Julian's, wall. You can tell even from the road, stands the imposing Tower of cream. Built fortress built for this robust towers famous, 17 century, originally British in the 15 century from pirate attacks defends himself become a label where, since, looking down at the vineyards and the Gironde River. Major Bordeaux Chateau is a handful was the Chateau has been managed by foreign companies, there is only one. From 1963 until 1994, had owned Latour is England, bought this land in 1994, François Pinot returned to France who.
Impeccable classical stuff in the wine, delectable right even when a mediocre vintage also consistently even when the poor and is excellent quality. Has a reputation for producing wines of Bordeaux 1 in parallel, or a poor vintage, 1960, 1972, about the 1974 has been documented, a poor vintage in recent （ in 1977, 1980, 1984, ）, amazing wine, Château other than pale.
In addition, stubbornly to slow ripening even famous. 20 years-25 years the bottle maturation and shedding considerable tannins, showing great strength and depth and richness. 'Brave' and 'masculine' said "robust" is 1983-scum during 1989, but understood it and melted it seems. I felt strongly denied the staff, but more calm in my tastings, approachable style. Fortunately, such a frivolous trend started and produced wine Latour again outstanding from 1990 and has disappeared.
It is not 10 years cannot be denied that the year is somewhat lacking in 1982 and 1986, excellent and outstanding. Is insufficient to handle the 1983, 1985, 1986, harvest fermentation Center （ Cuvelier ） openly in secret. Was necessary in order to accommodate the grapes, fermentation tank to empty soon. Zhang and underground cellar and Cuvelier, Bordeaux's biggest crop years 1989 to. Which became the 1983, 1985, 1988, in 1989, tasting, objectively, what's up it this century compared to the clear and lightly, waning strength, fell out of the dense wine. In 1990 and 1994, 1995, Latour in 1996, returned to its original state.
Average annual production volume ：20.000 book
Vineyard area: 65 ha (called the 'Rambla' is 47 ha around the Chateau, contains Grand van)
Average age: 40 years （ langlot ） and 37 years (other)
High degree 10,000 books
Blend ratio: Cabernet Sauvignon 80%, Merlot, 15% Cabernet franc and 5% Petit Verdot