Chateau d ' Yquem
Chateau d'yquem (ICEM)
In the sweet white wines of the world's highest praise all over the world! Only Chateau keeps its own position! Unlimited depth was born by divine luscious flavor and long ripening is unparalleled!
"Château d'yquem" reigns supreme in the top of the world reopened. Of course rating of Sauternes, the only thing is ranked 1er Cru Sprewell.
Possessions of the King in the middle ages
Has a long history, owned by the British monarch in the middle ages. Afterwards, in France and England between 100 years war broke out as a result, 1453, and of the King of France Charles VII. Leon de Sauvage Sauvage home afterwards, owned by era, 1711, from generation to generation had the Chateau's management bought the ownership from the country, a single vervain home owners.
Sauvage House is distinguished in this region, will be appointed noble year 1565 Charles IX visited the estate of d'yquem. They planting grapes in the land of dikembe, also built the current Castle Museum. In 1785, great-grandson of Leon de Sauvage Françoise Josephine de Sauvage d'yquem married count Louis Amédée de chalaisian salute, Chateau chalaisian salutes house ownership.
In the letter addressed to Josephine in 1790, in 1787, after United States President Thomas Jefferson purchased DICOM 30 cases raved about the wine. Since 1850, dikembe became wildly popular and critically acclaimed Grand Duke Constantine, paid 20000 francs gold coin 1 barrel, Emperor Meiji on a regular basis and buy that. Chalaisian salutes house owned until 1999, particularly keen on winemaking was grandson of Louis AMADE and Françoise Josephine Romain Bertrand and his grandson Bertrand. Bertrand is in life until 1968, then carried over to Alexandre de chalaisian salute. 1999-(Louis Vuitton Moet et Hennessy group) became the largest shareholder in Chateau.
Chateau representative Alexander retired from 5/2004 [Chateau Cheval Blanc] appointed representative responsible for total is Pierre Lurton, continues to the present.
Bordeaux through N 113 Hwy go., through there, in Sauternes village heads and the Hill is approximately 80 metres above sea level. It is a magnificent chateau 1 Chateau on a small hillside, located in the top part, but "1st grade special class" only in the Sauternes Chateau d'yquem (or ICAM). a vast vineyard 115-hectare Hill composed of gravel carried by low-permeability clay and the Garonne River. Field is topsoil is covered in thin sand layer mixture of gravel. But many gravel for a vast field, topsoil, gravel without almost field, such as sand, clay at the bottom of exposed topsoil varies depending on where those aspects.
Which fields, and differences in the nature of the soil, the difference is more apparent in DICOM. Because of this, harvested the grape quality and characteristics are different, becomes complex flavors and aromas to wine.
Also is a well-known story, but vines of yquem, carpeted drainage pipe from as early as the 1800s, now that distance is about 100 km covers. Is a DICOM fields are originally bad drainage this clay hills, Grapevine root growth, so wastewater treatment is necessary. Because it begins with the portion, usually the putrefaction is not whole grapes, grapes harvested bunch each without putrefaction portions cut and harvest several times the same bunch. But inevitably they mingled with grape sugar not banged up completely. Because of this, less sugar as a whole. Hated it at the Chateau, especially at harvest time to rain washed away the sugar may also be harvested grains completely and putrefaction, relating to you, such as only. This is very tedious and hard work. Starts the harvest reached 20 degrees potential alcohol content.
You may blend in Semillon and Sauvignon Blanc stage targeted for separate day was brought to brewery within one hour from the grapes being harvested and harvested. Dike in ever never never chaptalization "that is in, it is proud of the Chateau. Lowered temperature fruit juice has been moved to the underground tank as fermentation does not begin with, are lying untouched overnight. The next day, skim just put in new oak barrels, raise the room temperature, fermentation starts. Alcoholic fermentation is 2 to 6 weeks and is the term widely, this is since the only natural yeasts in fermentation. To start fermenting again in minus 4 ° c was deemed completed alcoholic fermentation is natural and what is transferred into stainless steel tanks in the barrel is also returned.
DICOM has been graded to "1st grade special class" only has keep its fame by our dedication to quality is.
Robert Parker Jr. " Bordeaux, 4th Edition "
On the top of a small hill overlooking the vineyards located in the heart of the Sauternes district, surrounded by plenty of first class Chateau Grand spread. From 1785 until 1997, this Chateau is even owned by the clan. Earl of Alexander de Lyle salutes at the newest members of the clan Chief of this vast Chateau where, in 1968, took over from his uncle. In 1997, this Château was sold to giant conglomerates, Moët-Hennessy, this sale was established by rule salutes Earl's objection without, still his caretaker.
ICEM's greatness and uniqueness of several factors; First is the perfect location with its own micro-climate. Secondly, rule salutes House establishes the 97 kilometres of pipe using an elaborate drainage system. There also said that a fanatical obsession without untrue Thirdly, economic losses and troubles, to produce only high-quality wines. Biggest reason is better as compared to nearby farms is, this last factor.
Not build just one grape vines in DICOM, glass of wine only. Ikem and stay from 6 weeks 8 weeks, waiting for grape ripening to perfection by a group of hand-picked vineyards around 150 people, at least four times, grain is picked. Harvested grapes is considered unsuitable in 1964, were hand-picked turned fields in the 13th but eventually did not produce this vintage. Wine-making little Chateau you are in entire harvest turn the wine less spontaneously, or where it is economically feasible.
DICOM has unbelievable aging potential. ICOM wines are too rich, plump and sweet, and many always 10th birthday before end up drunk. However, on ICOM's best drinking time from 15 years need is 20 years, even after 50 years, or 75 years or over is a great vintage, continues with the full-bodied, fresh, decadent. Greatest ICOM have I ever drank was in 1921. You wouldn't be amazingly fresh, lively, and, never forget that luxury and richness.
Passion for these qualities are not confined to the field. Aged wine over 3 years in new oak barrels, 20% of the total crop loss due to evaporation. Be screened strictly from only considers rule salutes Earl can be bottled wine of the best barrels. In 1975, 1976, featured in 1980 and 20 percent of the barrels were eliminated. In the difficult year of 1979, 60% of the wine is taken. Was deemed not suitable for out of hand like the 1978 vintage, 85% of the wine sold as ICAM. Chateau has taken this heartless triage process as far as I know, the other not. Afraid of losing even a little mellow, DICOM, and never without a filtration process.
DICOM is also building is called the "Y" dry wine. This is a featured wine seems DICOM bouquet strong oaky, taste in wine, dry, usually are quite distinct, full-bodied, high alcohol content, strong, is best served with my tongue, like the foie gras flavor food in. DICOM is unlike other famous Bordeaux wines, sold by the primer, i.e. futures; One of the few luxury price wine deserves the best price tag if you think effort was spent, but this wine is usually shipped at extremely high prices, after the four years of its vintage, risks, and a rigorous selection process.
Dike in Bordeaux, two with and is that not a great wine, convincing truth claim.
Average annual production: 100000 books
Vineyard area: 125 hectares (in the production field are 103 ha)
Average age: 30 years
Planting time: 6,500 books
Average production: 8hl/ha
How to grow: fermentation and do for 42 months ageing in new oak barrels. Do the fining nor filtration.
Blend ratio: 80% Semillon and 20% Sauvignon Blanc
* Note: this Chateau produces dry white wine called ygrec (YGREC) also.
Vintage built as follows: 2000, 1996, 1994, 1988, 1985, 1980, 1979, 1978, 1977, 1973, 1972, 1971, 1969, 1968, 1966, 1965, 1964, in 1962, in 1960, 1959.
Dike was not produced in 1992, 1974, 1972, 1964, 1952, 1951, 1930, in 1915, 1910.