Chateau Latour AOC Pauillac
AOC Pauillac, Chateau-Latour Médoc official grading 1st grade
Is a proverb "is a great wine from the tree grows near the water ' that old MEDOC. Latour is like this saying the Gironde River to this terroir the soil formed over groves, a mild climate, time, field is on a small hill near "Rambla" with distinctive terroir based on the way. -Terroir
Is approximately 60 km north of Bordeaux. Château Latour in Pauillac. Is largely located in the South of St Julian's near Pauillac vineyard in the hills of gravel quality of the estuary of the Gironde River.
In the Atlantic Ocean near characterized by a temperate oceanic climate. Near the Gironde River vineyard is protected from cold and spring frost damage. Summer climate is usually sunny day many continues, thunderstorms until mid-July. Also, also hot and dry in the first half of August, big temperature difference between day and night, and further grow due to thunderstorms and accelerate the maturation of the grapes.
About < drainage system >
Quickly remove excess moisture Rambla vineyards, established drainage system since the 19 century, loss of quality during harvest season.
1378 more of Froissart "dating notation ' to appeared. 100 years in the midst of a war at that time, the fortress of Saint-Maubert tower was fielding Breton soldiers of the King of France. History of the Château was Alexandre de Ségur owned land as a result of marriage and inheritance, until the end of the 17-century owned by Muret House, begins with the Ségur House.
Ségur said, 1716, shortly ago death won Chateau Lafite, son Bordeaux City Council Chairman Nicolas-Alexandre, in 1718, Chateau Karon Ségur and Château Mouton-Rotschild won and the wine business. Beginning of 18 century, in England was aristocratic and bourgeois class who centers of consumption of high-quality wines. And fits into the battle of Bordeaux wine exports and at the same time rapid growth was ahead of other wines in terms of quality and price.
Owned 25% by Harveys of Bristol Corporation (later acquired by Allied Lions group) and in 1842 and one organization were consists only of Ségur House until 1962, but in 1963, the British financial group, Pearson group 53% owned by shareholders. In 1989, allied Lions Group buys equity interests of the Pearson group, Ségur's heir under the remaining 7% excluding 93% of shares owned.
And 6/1993, François Pinault acquired Allied Lions group holdings through the Artemis company. Chateau Latour finished by 30 years of British capital management is again France capital, where it remains today.
Vineyards owned by Latour is 76 ha, is called the "Rambla" surrounding the Chateau while 48 ha vineyard becomes the Grand Vin. "Ranchero" field is 16 m high hill from the Gironde River, enclosed in the Gironde River tributary of the two North-South and East "parity".
To harvest the grapes in the field cultivation density 1 ha per 10000 very high and high-quality production is appropriate. And saplings every year, Withers, hurt has replanted young trees. This technology is called "complantation (Complantation)", for the readjustment of production and maintaining quality. On young trees, these parcels were transplanted with different signs, harvesting takes place in the old tree.
Let rest for five years after pulled trees on average age of too high or replant the entire parcel, considering replanting overall increases in old rose with soil again given vitality to banish the predators of the grapes. Rutt Redzone (dealing with pesticides), analyzes exactly what that harm the grapes now, (calculation of predators, disease cycles, etc.). Without using any chemical herbicides in soil, vine, uses only organic fertilizers such as manure and compost plant.
-Harvest and vinification
Usually from mid-September, spent 15 to 20 days, all hand-picked hire harvest of about 150 people in extraordinary every year at harvest time. Using the cart to get crushed grapes at harvest can accommodate about 8 kg. Parcels every cart carries directly to the brewery, 2 floor of the brewery, transported by Elevator, get rid of any excess moisture, screened in two stages. 1) unwanted parts (leaf, petiole) and hygiene but bad seed, eliminated. 2) removes fear sacrificing quality grapes to some parts of the floral (stem or axis).
Carried in the tank then slowly squeeze, alcoholic fermentation begins. Tank and cooled by water while temperature and wine spent about three weeks the fermentation. Wine from Mar (= milking grounds. Primary grape skins and seeds), except after fining the tank transfer also replaces the. 2: fermentation (MLF) is done in the next month, softens the wine has depth and finesse. Brewing facility was renewed in 2001, now 66 stainless steel vats. This number is three times previously. By the increase in the number of tanks to ferment grapes parcels every possible, according to the type of vines, grapes, terroir, plot area, 12 hl ~ 170 hl size tank is brewing.
Barrel aged with oak of Allier and nièvre. New barrels to Chateau Latour 100% Le for-on Le de Latour 50% use 10% of Pauillac. To choose the best blend (blend) beginning of the ripening months building a Chateau Latour tasting will be repeated. Wine the aged for 6 months in the cellar of the first year. Not sealed barrels, gas exchange is made between the wine and the atmosphere are resealed in the faucet as glass. Barrel aged wine evaporate small to supplement the wine twice a week. Then barrels aging 10 to 13 months for shifts to second cellar. Sealed barrels, continue aging in barrels was protected from the temperature difference. Village should not at this stage, but made racking every 3 months. Put it in a barrel from fining one year later. Approximately 45 days after the last racked for the clarification work is done, clear wine and Lees separated eventually.
Blend in large stainless steel tanks before bottling to ensure potential, balance. To blend wine all at the same time, new stainless steel tanks in the current and keep constant, endless quality of wine that becomes possible. After blending, microbial analysis again each stainless steel tanks (12 hl ~ 170 hl) to put. This work usually begins in mid-June [Pauillac], [Les fall de Latour] and [Château Latour] followed by.
Robert Parker Jr. " Bordeaux 3rd Edition "
Latour lies just north of the vineyards of Léoville Las cars he built walls and impressive land border between Pauillac and St Julian's. You can tell even from the road, stands the imposing Tower of cream. Down since, the vineyards and the Gironde River, built where the fortress built for the label, this robust towers famous, 17 century, originally British in 15 century from pirate attacks defends himself. Major Chateaux in Bordeaux, a handful were Chateau has been managed by foreign companies, there is only one. From 1963 until 1994 Latour owned is British, returned to France who bought this land in 1994, François Pinot.
Impeccable classical stuff in wine, delectable new when a mediocre vintage consistently even when the poor and is excellent quality. Has a reputation for producing wines of Bordeaux 1 in parallel, or a poor vintage in 1960, 1972, about the 1974 be substantiated, but, a poor vintage in recent (1977, 1980, 1984), amazing wine, overshadowed by the Château other than.
Also, stubbornly to slow ripening even famous. 20 years or 25 years, bottle matured and utilizes quite tannic, showing great strength and depth and richness. "Brave" or "masculine" known as "robust", but in 1983-and to faint during 1989, but know it has toned down seems. I felt staff strongly denied, but more gentle on my tasting and approachable style. Fortunately, such frivolous trend begins producing wine Latour again outstanding since 1990 and has disappeared.
Not 10 years cannot be denied that the superior was slightly inferior in 1982 and 1986, was striking. Is insufficient to handle the bumper crop in 1986, 1985, 1983, fermentation, (Cuvelier) openly in secret. Grapes in order to accommodate the fermenter to make room soon. Underground cellars and Cuvelier and the to Bordeaux's biggest harvest in 1989. Which became a distinctly lighter in 1983, 1985, 1988, in 1989, tasting, objectively, all ages till this century compared to distract from the verve, fell out of the dense wine. In 1990, and in 1994, in 1995, Latour in 1996, returned to its original state.
Average annual production volume:20.000 book
Vineyard area: 65 ha (47 ha around the chateau is called the "Rambla", contained a Grand van)
Average age: 40 years (Rambla) and 37 years (other)
High degree 10,000 books
Blend ratio: Cabernet Sauvignon 80%, Merlot, 15% Cabernet franc and 5% Petit Verdot