"Great wine from the tree grows near the water ' that old MEDOC sayings. Latour is like this saying the Gironde River as conceived in the soil was formed near hill farm 'ranchero' over field distinctive, mild climate, time based, this terroir.
-Terroir ＊ location It's approximately 60 km north from Bordeaux. Château Latour in Pauillac. Most of which is located south of St Julian's near Pauillac Chateau Latour vineyards on a hill overlooking the mouth of the Gironde River gravel quality.
＊ climate In the Atlantic Ocean near characterized by a temperate oceanic climate. Less than the Gironde River near field is protected from harm of cold wave and spring frost.
Climatic characteristics of summer followed by sunny days more usually, thunderstorms until mid-July. （ supplement the lack of rain in June, many thunderstorms. ） early August is hot and dry, many a big temperature difference between day and night since mid-August, accelerate the maturation of the grapes.
-History 1378 more of Froissart "Chronicle ' to appeared. 100 years in the midst of a war at that time, bastion Saint-Maubert tower was fielding Breton soldiers of the King of France. 3-day siege after the seizure and fortress Anglo gas army, has stationed a garrison. As a result of the spate was owned by Muret House until the end of the 17-century heir, married Alexandre de Ségur owned land, history of the great wines of Chateau begins with Ségur House. Ségur's won Lafitte death just prior to 1716, wine business to extend the son of Bordeaux City Council Chairman Nicolas-Alexandre, in 1718, Chateau Mouton Rotschild and Chateau Karon Ségur won and.
Beginning of 18 century, in England was aristocratic and bourgeois class who luxury wine consumption Center. And was ahead of other wines in terms of quality and price best fits into the battle of Bordeaux wine exports and at the same time, including Chateau Latour wines are.
25% owned ハーヴェイズ of Bristol Corporation (later acquired Allied Lions group) and in 1842 became one organization was composed only descendants of Ségur House until 1962, but in 1963, the British financial group, Pearson group 53% owned by shareholders.
In 1989, allied Lions Group acquired equity of the Pearson group, except the remains of Ségur's heir to 7% 93% shares owned.
And 6/1993, Mr. Francois Pinault acquired Allied Lions group holding through the Artemis company. Chateau Latour finished by 30 years of British capital management is again France capital, where it remains today.
-Vineyards Currently, owned by Latour vineyards, will grant van called the 'Rambla' while surrounding the Chateau 48 ha vineyard is 76 ha. Rambla field is 16 m high hill from the Gironde River, enclosed in the Gironde River North and South two tributaries, as well as Eastern 'parity'.
Latour vineyard reduces production to harvest the grapes cultivation density 1 ha per 10000 book and the very high, high quality. Also, saplings every year, Withers, hurt has replanted young trees. This technology is called 'コンプランタシオン （ Complantation ）, make for the readjustment of production and maintaining quality. And was set to mark different trees in these compartments were replanted young trees, harvesting takes place in the old tree.
Later if the average age of the parcel rises too much and if you replant the entire parcel, considering the overall sampling plan and planting additional parcels in old rose with the plucked trees to banish the predators of the grapes, soil again giving vitality to resting for five years. Analyzes what a grape harm in the current (calculation of predators, disease cycle.) exactly, Rutt rezone （ dealing with agricultural chemicals cultivation ）. Without using any chemical herbicides in soil, vine, using only organic fertilizers and plant compost and manure.
-Harvest and vinification
Usually from mid-September, put 15-20 days hire harvests of approximately 150 people with extraordinary every year at harvest time, all hand-picked in. Uses the cart can accommodate 8 kg or so to harvest the grapes get crushed. Harvested compartment every cart directly brewery carried to in elevators taken to 2 floor of the brewery, the screen in two stages get rid of excess water.
1 ） unwanted parts (leaf, petiole) and hygiene but bad seed, eliminated.
2 ） eliminate fears grapes wound, compromising the quality of floral parts (stem or axis).
And then transported to a tank, Squeeze gently. And the alcoholic fermentation begins. And cooling tank with water while the temperature control and spend about 3 weeks or so wines. And the wine from the marl （ = milking scum. Mainly grape skins and seeds ）, except after fining the tank change shift. 2: fermentation malolactic fermentation is done in the next month, wine is softer and has a mellow and finesse. Mar is pressed with pneumatic presses and the extracted van de press (pressing wine) will be saved.
In the brewing facility was completely overhauled in 2001, now stainless steel brewery tanks 66 pieces. This number extends to three times compared to the previous. That became possible by the increase in the number of tanks to ferment grapes parcels every, of course, according to the type of vines and grapes, terroir, compartment area, 12 hl-brewing is available in sizes up to 170 hl tanks.
-Aging Barrel aged with oak of Allier and nièvre. New barrels to Chateau Latour Les-for 100%-in Le de Latour 50% Pauillac are used at the rate of 10%. Beginning of ripening months select the best assemblage (blend) build a Chateau Latour tasting will be repeated.
Wine is aged for 6 months in the cellar of the first year. Gas exchange occurs between the wine and the atmosphere not sealed barrels, it may be in the faucet as glass. Wine makes up twice a week for barrel aging in wine, just at a time to evaporate. Entering a barrel aging 10 to 13 months for the second cellar. And sealed barrels, continue aging in barrels was protected from the temperature difference. ウィヤージュ need not at this stage, but made racking every 3 months. Put it in a barrel from one year after fining. Approximately 45 days after the last racking of the clarification work is done, crystal clear wine and Lees separated eventually.
● bottling Do the bottling date is determined by the tasting. Prior to bottling your wine balance the potential to blend in a large stainless steel tanks. Now, new stainless steel tanks can blend wine all at once and keep quality of wine as a constant that becomes possible. After the blended microbial analysis again each stainless steel tank （ 12 hl ~ 170 hl ） to put. This work usually starts [Pauillac, in mid-June, followed by [Les fall de Latour, and Château-Latour.
Robert Parker Jr. " Bordeaux 3rd Edition "
Latour lies just north of the vineyards of Léoville-Las cars he built an impressive land border between Pauillac and St Julian's, wall. You can tell even from the road, stands the imposing Tower of cream. Built fortress built for this robust towers famous, 17 century, originally British in the 15 century from pirate attacks defends himself become a label where, since, looking down at the vineyards and the Gironde River. Major Bordeaux Chateau is a handful was the Chateau has been managed by foreign companies, there is only one. From 1963 until 1994, had owned Latour is England, bought this land in 1994, François Pinot returned to France who.
Impeccable classical stuff in the wine, delectable right even when a mediocre vintage also consistently even when the poor and is excellent quality. Has a reputation for producing wines of Bordeaux 1 in parallel, or a poor vintage, 1960, 1972, about the 1974 has been documented, a poor vintage in recent （ in 1977, 1980, 1984, ）, amazing wine, Château other than pale.
In addition, stubbornly to slow ripening even famous. 20 years-25 years the bottle maturation and shedding considerable tannins, showing great strength and depth and richness. 'Brave' and 'masculine' said "robust" is 1983-scum during 1989, but understood it and melted it seems. But strongly denied the staff felt more calm in my tastings, approachable style. Fortunately, such a frivolous trend started and produced wine Latour again outstanding from 1990 and has disappeared.
Can't deny that the superior was slightly inferior in 1982 and 1986, is not 10 years outstanding. In 1983, 1985, to handle the bumper crop of 1986, insufficient fermentation Center （ キュヴェリー ） openly in secret. Was necessary in order to accommodate the grapes, fermentation tank to empty soon. Underground cellars and キュヴェリー Zhang and, to the Bordeaux's biggest harvest in 1989. Which became the 1983, 1985, 1988, in 1989, tasting, objectively, what's up it this century compared to the clear and lightly, waning strength, fell out of the dense wine. In 1990 and 1994, 1995, Latour in 1996, returned to its original state.
Average annual production volume ：20.000 book
Vineyard area: 65 ha (called the 'Rambla' is 47 ha around the Chateau, contains Grand van)
Average age: 40 years （ langlot ） and 37 years (other)
High degree 10,000 books
Blend ratio: Cabernet Sauvignon 80%, Merlot, 15% Cabernet franc and 5% Petit Verdot