Chateau d ' Yquem
Chateau d'yquem (ICEM)
Sweet white wines of the world's highest praise all over the world! The only Château maintains its own position! Unlimited depth was born by divine luscious flavor and long maturation process has no equal!
"Chateau d'yquem' reign at the top of the world reopened. Of course rating of Sauternes, only one is ranked in the Premier Cru Sprewell.
Possession of the King in the middle ages
Has a long history, owned by the British monarch in the middle ages. As a result and then in France and England between 100 years war broke out, 1453, and the King of France Charles VII. Leon de Sauvage Sauvage home followed by era afterwards, owned by the 1711, from generation to generation had the Chateau's management bought the ownership from the country, a single vervain home owners.
Sauvage family is a distinguished family of this region, will be appointed noble year 1565 Charles IX visited the estate of d'yquem. They planting grapes in the land of yquem, also built the current Castle Museum. In 1785, the great-grandson of Leon de Sauvage Françoise Josephine de Sauvage d'yquem married count Louis Amédée de chalaisian salute the Chateau was chalaisian salutes house ownership.
In the letter addressed to Josephine in 1790 and purchased the 30 cases d'yquem after United States President Thomas Jefferson in 1787, raved about the wine. Since 1850, the yquem became very popular and critically acclaimed Grand Duke Constantine, paid 20000 francs gold coin 1 barrel, Emperor Meiji on a regular basis is with purchase. Owned by chalaisian salutes House until 1999, particularly keen on winemaking was grandson of Louis AMADE and Françoise Josephine Romain Bertrand and his grandson Bertrand. Bertrand is in life until 1968, then carried over to Alexandre de chalaisian salute. 1999-(Louis Vuitton Moet et Hennessy group) became the largest shareholder in Chateau.
Chateau representative Alexander retired from 5/2004 [Chateau Cheval Blanc] of total responsible for appointed representative Pierre Lurton, continues to the present.
Bordeaux through N 113 Hwy go., through there, head in Sauternes village and the Hill is approximately 80 metres above sea level. It is a magnificent Chateaux gather 1 Chateau on a small hillside, located in the top part the "1st Special grade" only in the Sauternes Chateau d'yquem (or ICAM). a vast vineyard 115-hectare Hill composed of gravel carried by low-permeability clay and the Garonne River. Field soil is covered on thin sand layer mixed gravel. But for vast fields, gravel abound in the topsoil, gravel is almost field, such as sand, clay at the bottom is exposed on the soil and place the aspect depends on.
Any fields, and differences in the nature of the soil, the difference is more apparent in yquem. For this reason, quality and character different grapes are being harvested, wine becomes more complex flavor and aroma.
Also is a well-known story, but to the vines of yquem, carpeted drainage pipe from as early as the 19th century, today, that distance is about 100 km covers. Is yquem vineyard is this clay Hill is originally very, very poor growth of the roots of the vines, so drainage is necessary. Because it begins with the portion, usually the putrefaction is not whole grapes, grapes harvested bunch each without putrefaction portions cut and harvest several times the same bunch. However, it is inevitable that mixing grape sugar content does not go completely. For this reason, less sugar as a whole. Hated it in the Chateau, especially during harvest rains washed sugar may also be harvested grains completely and putrefaction, relating to you, such as only. This is very tedious and hard work. Starts the harvest reached 20 degrees potential alcohol content.
You may blend in Semillon and Sauvignon Blanc on the stage for the day was brought to brewery within one hour from the grapes being harvested and harvested in targeted. In addition, yquem ever once chaptalization could not "that is that it has become the pride of the Chateau. With lowered temperature fruit juice has been moved to the underground tank as fermentation does not start, is sleep and leave overnight. The next day, skim just put in new oak barrels, raise the room temperature, fermentation starts. Alcoholic fermentation is 2 to 6 weeks and wide range of periods, this is since the only natural yeasts in fermentation. Determined by natural alcoholic fermentation is completed and is transferred into stainless steel tanks, at 4 ° c must not again begin fermentation in the barrel is also returned.
D'yquem has been graded "first class special class" only has keep its reputation through our dedication to quality is.
Robert Parker Jr. " Bordeaux, 4th Edition.
On the top of a small hill overlooking the vineyards located in the heart of the Sauternes district, surrounded by plenty of first class Chateau Grand spread. From 1785 until 1997, this Chateau is even owned by the clan. Earl of Alexander de Lyle salutes at the newest member of the clan Chief of this vast Chateau where, in 1968, took over from his uncle. In 1997, this Château was sold a huge conglomerate, Moët-Hennessy, this sale was established by rule salutes Earl's objection without, now he is caretaker.
ICEM's greatness and uniqueness of several factors; The first is the perfect location with its own micro-climate. Secondly, rule salutes House up the elaborate drainage systems with 97 kilometres of pipe. There is also said that a fanatical obsession without allow the third to economic losses and troubles, to produce only high-quality wines. Main reason is better as compared to neighboring fields, this last factor;
Not build but only from the vines of yquem, a glass of wine. Ikem and stay from 6 weeks 8 weeks, waiting for the Group of some 150 people around the vineyards picking the grapes to mature perfectly at least four times, grain is picked. After all did not produce this vintage, vineyard is considered unsuitable in 1964, were picked by hand, turned the field 13 times alone. Wine-making almost no place in the Chateau has a discount wine turning the entire harvest voluntarily, or where it is economically feasible.
D'yquem has matured an incredible potential. ICOM wine too rich, plump, sweet, many of which are always 10th birthday before it is consumed. However, it has continues with ICOM's best drink to become 20 years of need in 15 years, even after 50 years, or 75 years or over is a great vintage, full-bodied, fresh, decadent. Greatest ICOM have I ever drank was in 1921. You wouldn't be amazingly fresh, lively, and, never forget that luxury and richness.
Passion for these qualities are not limited to the field. And mature wine in new oak barrels over a three-year, 20% of the total crop loss due to evaporation. Be screened strictly from considers rule salutes Earl can be bottled wine of the best barrels. In 1975, 1976, 1980, featured in 20 percent of the barrels were eliminated. 60% of the wine is taken in the difficult year of 1979. Was deemed not suitable for uncontrollable, such as 1978 vintage, 85% of the wine sold as ICAM. Chateau has taken this heartless triage process as far as I know, the other not. Fear of losing even a little aroma of yquem, and never without a filtration process.
Yquem is also building known as the "Y" dry wine. This is a wine that seems yquem bouquet to have strong oaky, taste is dry, generally are quite distinct, full-bodied, high alcohol content, powerful wines, is best served with my tongue, like the foie gras flavor food in. Yquem is unlike other famous Bordeaux wines, sold by the primer, i.e. futures; One of the few luxury price wine deserves the best price tag if you think effort was spent, but this wine is typically shipped at extremely high prices, after the four years of its vintage, risks, and a rigorous selection process.
And two at Bordeaux, yquem is not a great wine and convincing truth claim.
Average annual production: 100000 books
Area: 125 hectares (in the production field, 103 ha)
Average age: 30 years
Planting time: 6,500 books
Average production: 8hl/ha
How to grow: fermentation and do for 42 months ageing in new oak barrels. To fining or filtration.
Blend ratio: 80% Semillon and 20% Sauvignon Blanc
* Note: this Chateau produces dry white wine called ygrec (YGREC).
Vintage built as follows: 2000, 1996, 1994, 1988, 1985, in 1980, in 1979, in 1978, in 1977, in 1973, in 1972, in 1971, in 1969, in 1968, in 1966, in 1965, in 1964, in 1962, in 1960, 1959.
Is not production of yquem in 1992, 1974, in 1972, in 1964, in 1952, in 1951, in 1930, in 1915, 1910.