Chateau d ' Yquem
Chateau d'yquem (ICEM)
In the sweet white wines of the world's highest praise all over the world! The only Château keeps its own position! Unlimited depth was born by divine luscious flavor and long ripening is not unparalleled!
The pinnacle of world botrytised wine 'Chateau dike'. Of course in the rating of Sauternes, the only thing is ranked 1er Cru Sprewell.
Possession of the King in the middle ages
Has a long history, owned by British monarch in the middle ages. Afterwards, in France and England between 100 years war took place as a result, 1453, France by King Charles VII. Leon de Sauvage Sauvage House 1711, had a chateau management from generation to generation, followed by era afterwards, owned by buying ownership from the country, a single vervain house owner.
Sauvage House is a distinguished family of this region, will be appointed noble year 1565 Charles IX visited the estate of d'yquem. They planting grapes in the land of dikembe, also built the current Castle Museum. In 1785, great grandson Leon de Sauvage Françoise Josephine de Sauvage d'yquem married count Louis Amédée de chalaisian salute and the Chateau was chalaisian salutes house owned.
In the letter addressed in 1790, Josephine, purchased the 30 cases dike after United States President Thomas Jefferson in 1787, critically acclaimed wines. Since 1850, dikembe became very popular and critically acclaimed Grand Duke Constantine, paid 20000 franc gold coin 1 barrel, Emperor Meiji on a regular basis is and buy. Especially eager to wine, owned by chalaisian salutes House until 1999, was grandson of Louis AMADE and Françoise Josephine Romain Bertrand and his grandson Bertrand. Bertrand is in life until 1968, then carried over to Alexandre de chalaisian salute. 1999-(Louis Vuitton Moet et Hennessy group) became the largest shareholder in Chateau.
Chateau representative Alexander retired from 5/2004 [Chateau Cheval Blanc] of total responsible for appointed representative Pierre Lurton, continues.
And in Sauternes village head from Bordeaux through the line N 113, go., through there, and Hill is approximately 80 metres above sea level. It is a magnificent Chateaux gather level 1 Chateau on a small hillside, located in the top part only "first class special class" in Sauternes Chateau yquem (or ICAM). vast vineyards 115 ha of hills composed of gravel carried by low-permeability clay and the Garonne River. Groves is covered on thin sand layer mixed gravel topsoil is. But many gravel for a vast field, topsoil, gravel without almost field, such as sand, clay at the bottom of exposed topsoil and place the aspect depends on.
Which fields, and differences in the nature of the soil, the difference is more apparent in DICOM. Because of this, being harvested grape quality and characteristics are different, becomes the complex flavors and aromas to wine.
Also today, the distance is about 100 km covers and is a well-known story, but to the vines of yquem, from as early as the 19th extra drainage pipe. Is a DICOM fields are originally bad drainage this clay Hill grape root growth is bad because wastewater treatment is necessary. Usually, noble-putrefaction of the whole grape, not the beginning part by part, so the grapes harvested bunch each without cut only for noble-putrefaction, harvest the same bunch that. But inevitably end up mingled with grape sugar content not banged up completely. Because of this, less sugar as a whole. Hated it in the Chateau, especially at harvest time to rain, shed the sugar may also be harvested only regarding if a perfectly noble-putrefaction of grain. This is very tedious, and hard work. Potential alcohol content reaches 20 degrees will start harvesting.
You may blend in Semillon and Sauvignon Blanc at stage targeted for sharing in the day was brought to brewery within one hour from the grapes being harvested and harvested. Dike in ever never never chaptalization "that is in, it is proud of the Chateau. Lowered the temperature fruit juice has been moved to the underground tank as fermentation does not begin with the overnight leave are laid. The next day, skim just put in new oak barrels, raising the room temperature, lets start the alcoholic fermentation. Alcoholic fermentation is 2 to 6 weeks and is widely, this is since the only natural yeasts in fermentation. Was deemed completed alcoholic fermentation is natural and is transferred into stainless steel tanks at 4 ° c, must not again begin fermentation in the barrel is also returned.
Is the dike has been graded "first class special class" only has keep its reputation by our dedication to quality.
Robert Parker Jr. " Bordeaux, 4th Edition "
On the top of a small hill overlooking the vineyards located in the heart of the Sauternes district, surrounded by plenty of first class Chateau Grand spread. From 1785 until 1997, this Chateau is even owned by the clan. Count Alexandre de Lyle salutes at the newest members of the clan Chief of the vast Chateau in, took over from his uncle in 1968. In 1997, this Château was sold to a huge conglomerate Moet = Hennessy, this sale was established by rule salutes Earl objection without, now also his management people.
ICEM's greatness and uniqueness of several factors; The first is a perfect location with its own micro-climate. Secondly, rule salutes House set up an elaborate drainage system 97 kilometres of pipes. There is also said that a fanatical obsession to not allow third in economic losses and trouble to produce only high-quality wines. Is this last factor is biggest reason why so much better compared to nearby fields.
Not build just one grape vines in DICOM, glass of wine only. Ikem and stay from 6 weeks 8 weeks, waiting for the Group of some 150 people around the vineyards picking the grapes to mature perfectly at least four times a grain is picked. The harvested grapes are considered unsuitable for 1964 turned fields to 13 times were hand-picked, but, eventually did not produce this vintage. Wine-making little so far in the Chateau has a whole harvest voluntarily turn the discount wine, or where it is economically feasible.
DICOM has matured an incredible potential. ICOM wine is too rich, plump and sweet, and many are always 10th birthday before end up drunk. But to ICOM's best drink to be 15 years from 20 years of need, and even after 50 years, or 75 years or over is a great vintage continues with full-bodied, fresh, decadent. A great ICOM that you drank before I was in 1921. Will not be lively and surprisingly fresh, never forget that luxury and richness.
Passion for these qualities are not confined to the field. Aged wine over 3 years in new oak barrels, 20% of the total crop loss due to evaporation. Be screened strictly from only considers rule salutes Earl can be bottled wine of the best barrels. In 1975, 1976, featured in 1980 and 20 percent of the barrels were eliminated. In the difficult year of 1979, 60% of the wine have been taken off. Was deemed not suitable for out of hand like the 1978 vintage, 85% of the wine sold for ICAM. The Chateau has taken this heartless triage process as far as I know, the other not. DICOM lose its fullness of even a little afraid, never without a filtration process.
DICOM is also building called Y and dry wine. This is a featured wine in, have apparently DICOM bouquet, oaky flavors in wine, dry, usually are quite distinct, full-bodied, high alcohol content, strong, is best served with my tongue, like the foie gras flavor food in. DICOM is unlike other famous Bordeaux wines, sold by the primer, i.e. futures; One of the few luxury price wine worthy of best price tag, considering the effort spent, but this wine is usually shipped at extremely high prices, after the four years of its vintage, risks, and a rigorous selection process.
DICOM in Bordeaux two and could argue that not a great wine, truth is compelling.
Average annual production: 100000 book
Vineyard area: 125 hectares (in the production field are 103 ha)
Average age: 30 years
Planting time: 6500 books
Average production: 8hl/ha
How to grow: fermentation and do for 42 months ageing in new oak barrels. To fining or filtration.
Blend ratio: 80% Semillon and 20% Sauvignon Blanc
* Note: this Chateau produces dry white wine called ygrec (YGREC) also.
Vintage built as follows: 2000, 1996, 1994, 1988, 1985, 1980, 1979, 1978, 1977, 1973, 1972, 1971, 1969, 1968, 1966, 1965, 1964, in 1962, in 1960, 1959.
The dike was not produced in 1992, 1974, 1972, 1964, in 1952, 1951, 1930, in 1915, 1910.