Chateau d ' Yquem
Chateau d'yquem (ICEM)
In the sweet white wines of the world's highest praise all over the world! Only Chateau keeps its own position! Unlimited depth was born by divine luscious flavor and long ripening is unparalleled!
"Château d'yquem" reigned on top of the world reopened. Of course in the rating of the Sauternes, only one ranked in the 1er Cru Sprewell.
Possessions of the King in the middle ages
Has a long history, owned by the British monarch in the middle ages. Results and then in France and England between 100 years war broke out, in 1453, and of the King of France Charles VII. Leon de Sauvage Sauvage home afterwards, owned by era, 1711, from generation to generation had the Chateau's management bought the ownership from the country, a single vervain home owners.
Sauvage House is distinguished in this region, will be appointed noble year 1565 Charles IX visited the estate of d'yquem. They land of yquem and planted grapes, also built the current Castle Museum. In 1785, the great-grandson of Leon de Sauvage Françoise Josephine de Sauvage d'yquem married Louis Amédée de chalaisian salute Earl, Chateau chalaisian salutes home ownership.
In the letter addressed to Josephine in 1790, in 1787, after United States President Thomas Jefferson purchased d'yquem 30 cases raved about the wine. Since 1850, yquem became very popular and critically acclaimed Grand Duke Constantine, paid 20000 francs gold coin 1 barrel, Emperor Meiji on a regular basis and buy it. Chalaisian salutes house owned until 1999, particularly keen on winemaking was grandson of Louis AMADE and Françoise Josephine Romain Bertrand and his grandson Bertrand. Bertrand is in life until 1968, then carried over to Alexandre de chalaisian salute. Since 1999, (Louis Vuitton Moet et Hennessy group) became the largest shareholder in Chateau.
Chateau representative Alexander retired from 5/2004 [Chateau Cheval Blanc] appointed representative responsible for total is Pierre Lurton, continues to the present.
Bordeaux through N 113 Hwy go., through there, and in Sauternes village head, and Hill is approximately 80 metres above sea level. It is a magnificent chateau 1 Chateau on a small hillside, located in the top part, but "1st grade special class" only in the Sauternes Chateau d'yquem (or ICAM). a vast vineyard 115-hectare Hill composed of gravel carried by low-permeability clay and the Garonne River. Field is topsoil is covered in thin sand layer mixture of gravel. But many gravel for a vast field, topsoil, gravel without almost field, such as sand, clay at the bottom of exposed soil and place the aspect depends on.
Any field, and differences in the nature of the soil, the difference is more apparent in yquem. Because of this, harvested the grape quality and characteristics are different, becomes complex flavors and aromas to wine.
Also is a well-known story, but to the vines of yquem, carpeted drainage pipe from as early as the 19th century, nowadays, that distance is about 100 km covers. Is the field of yquem is this clay Hill originally bad drainage, Grapevine root growth, so wastewater treatment is necessary. Because it begins with the portion, usually a noble-putrefaction of the whole grapes, not grapes harvested bunch each without cut only for noble-putrefaction, harvest several times the same bunch. But inevitably they mingled with grape sugar not banged up completely. Because of this, less sugar as a whole. Hated it at the Chateau, especially at harvest time to rain washed away the sugar may also be harvested only regarding if a perfectly noble-putrefaction of grain. This is very tedious and hard work. Starts the harvest reached 20 degrees potential alcohol content.
You may blend in Semillon and Sauvignon Blanc stage targeted for separate day was brought to brewery within one hour from the grapes being harvested and harvested. D'yquem in ever never never chaptalization "that is in, it is proud of the Chateau. Lowered temperature fruit juice has been moved to the underground tank as fermentation does not begin with, are lying untouched overnight. The next day, skim just put in new oak barrels, raise the room temperature, fermentation starts. Alcoholic fermentation is 2 to 6 weeks and is the term widely, this is since the only natural yeasts in fermentation. To start fermenting again in minus 4 ° C was deemed completed alcoholic fermentation is natural and what is transferred into stainless steel tanks in the barrel is also returned.
D'yquem has been graded to "1st grade special class" only has keep its reputation by our dedication to quality is.
Robert Parker Jr. " Bordeaux, 4th Edition "
On the top of a small hill overlooking the vineyards located in the heart of the Sauternes district, surrounded by plenty of first class Chateau Grand spread. From 1785 until 1997, this Chateau is even owned by the clan. Earl of Alexander de Lyle salutes at the newest members of the clan Chief of this vast Chateau where, in 1968, took over from his uncle. In 1997, this Château was sold to giant conglomerates, Moët-Hennessy, this sale was established by rule salutes Earl's objection without, still he is caretaker.
ICEM's greatness and uniqueness of several factors; First is the perfect location with its own micro-climate. Secondly, rule salutes House establishes the 97 kilometres of pipe using an elaborate drainage system. There is not untrue Thirdly, economic losses and troubles in trying to produce only high-quality wines that say fanatical obsession. Biggest reason is better compared to the neighboring farms so that this last factor;
Built only from vine bottle of yquem, glass of wine only. Ikem and stay from 6 weeks 8 weeks, waiting for grape ripening to perfection by a group of hand-picked vineyards around 150 people, at least four times, grain is picked. Harvested grapes are considered unsuitable for 1964, hand-picked people turned fields 13 times but eventually did not produce this vintage. Winemaking almost never has a Chateau in discount wine turning the entire harvest voluntarily, or where it is economically feasible.
D'yquem has unbelievable aging potential. ICOM wines are too rich, plump and sweet, and many always 10th birthday before end up drunk. However, ICOM's best drink to become 15 years need is 20 years, even after 50 years, or 75 years or over is a great vintage, continues with fresh and decadent richness. Greatest ICOM have I ever drank was in 1921. You wouldn't be amazingly fresh, lively, and, never forget that luxury and richness.
Passion for these qualities are not confined to the field. Aged wine over 3 years in new oak barrels, 20% of the total crop loss due to evaporation. Be screened strictly from only considers rule salutes Earl can be bottled wine of the best barrels. In 1975, 1976, featured in 1980 and 20 percent of the barrels were eliminated. In the difficult year of 1979, 60% of the wine is taken. Was deemed not suitable for out of hand like the 1978 vintage, 85% of the wine sold as ICAM. Chateau has taken this heartless triage process as far as I know, the other not. Afraid to lose even a little richness at yquem, never without a filtration process.
Yquem is also building is called the "Y" dry wine. This is a featured wine, seems d'yquem bouquet, strong oaky, taste is dry, generally are quite distinct, full-bodied, high alcohol content, powerful wines and is best served with my tongue, like a foie gras food at. Yquem is unlike other famous Bordeaux wines, sold by the primer, i.e. futures; One of the few luxury price wine deserves the best price tag if you think effort was spent, but this wine is usually shipped at extremely high prices, after the four years of its vintage, risks, and a rigorous selection process.
And two in Bordeaux, yquem and is that not a great wine, convincing truth claim.
Average annual production: 100000 books
Vineyard area: (producing vineyard is 103 hectares) 125 hectares
Average age: 30 years
Planting time: 6,500 books
Average production: 8hl/ha
How to grow: fermentation and do for 42 months ageing in new oak barrels. Do the fining nor filtration.
Blend ratio: 80% Semillon and 20% Sauvignon Blanc
* Note: this Chateau produces dry white wine called ygrec (YGREC) also.
Vintage built as follows: 2000, 1996, 1994, 1988, 1985, 1980, 1979, 1978, 1977, 1973, 1972, 1971, 1969, 1968, 1966, 1965, 1964, in 1962, in 1960, 1959.
Yquem was not produced in 1992, 1974, 1972, 1964, 1952, 1951, in 1930, in 1915, 1910.